Novos Materiais Dosimétricos para Aplicações em Física Médica

Susana de Souza Lalic, Divanizia do Nascimento Souza, Oswaldo Baffa, Francesco d'Errico

Resumo


Este artigo apresenta o estado da arte dos materiais dosimétricos para aplicações em dosimetria pessoal e clínica. O objetivo é fornecer uma visão geral das vantagens e limitações dos dosímetros comerciais disponíveis mais usados, bem como novos materiais estudados na atualidade. Resumimos trabalhos recentes publicados sobre materiais cristalinos e vítreos mais discutidos e com melhores perspectivas para uso prático em dosimetria por Termoluminescência (TL), Luminescência Opticamente Estimulada (OSL), Radiofotoluminescência (RPL) e Ressonância de Spin Eletrônico (ESR), e ainda géis, dosímetros plásticos e emulsões superaquecidas. São tratadas novas formas de uso desses materiais, como fibras para dosimetria ativa, filmes dosimétricos para dosimetria 2D, e materiais que possam ser usados em dosimetria tridimensional. Os trabalhos atuais demonstram uma clara tendência da opção do uso cada vez maior de optoeletrônica para obtenção dos sinais e sua leitura.


Palavras-chave


materiais dosimétricos; dosímetros; dosimetria pessoal; dosimetria clínica

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29384/rbfm.2019.v13.n1.p24-33

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